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Phoenician philosophy.


1.   Introduction.

1.1.        What the term “Phoenician philosophy” means.

1.2.        General argumentation and sources.

1.3.        The current state of the problem.

1.4.        The methodology and the structure of the present paper.


2. Phoenicia as the world’s first contemporary society.

2.1. Early capitalist societies.

2.2. Ancient Athens as a contemporary society.

2.3. Contemporary features of Phoenicia.

2.4. Phoenician culture.

2.5. In the discovery of America by the Phoenicians.


3. The Bible as Phoenicians’ work.

3.1. Ethnic identity of Jews and Phoenicians.

3.2. Phoenician roots of the Biblical prophets movement.

3.3. The Ecclesiast and the Parable as political propaganda.

3.4. The Ecclesiast  as a philosophical text.

3.5. Job and Coreus’ sons.


4. Early Greek philosophy as a translation of Phoenician texts.

4.1. The Phoenicians’ influence upon archaic Greek culture.

4.2. Pherecides and Pythagoras as Phoenicians’ disciples.

4.3. Phoenician roots of Greek philosophy and science as a whole.

4.4 Astronomy, “The Great Year” and “Heavenly bodies” .


5. Phoenician philosophy.

5.1. Phoenician philosophy as a historical phenomenon.

5.2. Sanhuniathon, the Phoenician thinker of genius.

5.3. Character-and-numerical atomism and the belief in reincarnation.

5.4. Stoics’ doctrine  and Phoenician philosophical theology.

5.5. On the Phoenicians’ spiritual influence upon Mexican Indians.

5.6. On the origin of Satan.


6. Phoenician culture: its fortune and significance.

6.1. What became of Phoenician civilization.

6.2. The Phoenicians and Christianity.

6.3. Egypt, the cradle of wisdom.

6.4. General considerations on the roots of Phoenician philosophy and theology.

6.5. Conclusion: Phoenicia is the birthplace of wisdom of the West.






The discovery of America by the Phoenicians.


1.   Ancient sources on the discovery of America by the Phoenicians.

2.   Archeological and botanical data on Phoenicians’ connections with America.

3.   The legend of Quetzalcoatl as a historical source.

4.   What did antique scholars know about Native Americans?

5.   Conclusions.